Archive for the ‘american rare banknotes’ Category

WESTERN INDIA,YOKUHAMA BANKNOTE 1866 25 $

WESTERN INDIA,YOKUHAMA BANKNOTE 1866 25 $ ,

YOKUHAMA BANKNOTE 1866 25 $ ,JAPAN,USA,INDIA LINK very rare banknote of japan
The Central Bank of Western India was an important bank because it related to Japan, America and India. The high value of $25 was significant as it was issued during a time of great turbulence in Japan,USA,INDIA and world

Situation leading to issue of this bond,taiwan loan etc

どの要因が日本の金本位へ戻ることの確率に影響を与えることとして市場の関係者によって感知されたか定める20年代の間の円の価値の分岐点。 1920年からへの 1924sは軍拡張主義、政治騒ぎおよび他の劇的な政治および制度上のでき事によって示された。 私達はKenseikaiおよびSeiyukai党と中国との外交関係を悪化させること間の力の変更が円の価値の分岐点に一義的な責任があったことを結論を出す。 選挙権の民主主義の動きそして準の拡張は同世代の人によって重要ように見られないようではない。

1920年1月、

大統領(およびより遅い大蔵大臣) Inoue Junnosuke 日本銀行、

慣習的な経済理論の後で、順序できつく締められた財政はへの「きれいになる

」経済の上。 株式市場は3月中旬および波での転落した

破産および下る物価は深刻な暴落を予告した。

このrecessionary気候で、金子は無情にに進んだ

から及ぶ区域の新しい会社を進水させる鈴木の多様化を追求しなさい

食料品への重工業への産業オイル。 彼のを越えて先に行くこと

関連の企業の圧力、金子はすべてのタイプの生産的に拡大した

企業。 20年代までに新しい鈴木の関係団体は新しい努力を始めていた

化学および電気企業では、産業潤滑油、大豆油

食糧および商品を交換し、出荷し続けることと同様、精製所。

第1次世界大戦の後で投資された新しい企業金子はすべて

結局日本の経済の重要で、有益なセクターは、なる

成熟の年の後やっと。 これらは破壊的に高い開始だった

すぐに鈴木の戦時すべてを消費する投資は、もっと利益を得。

ますます政府に回る金子は台湾の銀行をのための経営する

融資。 1920年代初期までに明確にことは鈴木および銀行なっていた

台湾の困難な期間に入っていた。 鈴木のĨ300より多くの負債

1925によって百万は銀行のĨ669の顕著な貸付け金のほぼ半分を構成した

その年および不道徳な円は続いた: 鈴木がより大きくおよびより大きい借りたように

台湾のそれはの銀行からの合計銀行のためにに懸命そしてより懸命になった

鈴木への屑の貸付け金。

満州は10月の回転の後で弱まったロシアと長いボーダーを共有した。 ロシア制御の下にあった中国の東の鉄道のラインはトラックの北の満州および土地を通ってすぐにどちら側でもロシアの領域であると考慮された動いた。 1917年から約1924まで頻繁にロシアの側面の鉄道の作動を担当したそれが明確ではなかったこと新しい共産主義の政府にそのような難しさがシベリアにそれ自身を確立することをあっていた。 まだ、チャンは最終的段階を避け、1924の後でロシア人は鉄道上の彼らの優勢を再建することをどうにかして。

不安定状態がHailarの肺ペストの発生によっていかに示された時々成長できるか、1920年10月の中国の東の鉄道の西部端に町。 中国軍隊は茶番劇に大きい数および回された鉄道の検疫にいた。 兵士は接触として投獄された、人口の四分の一が屈した、Amur川のDalainorの鉱山の町に脱出した彼らの僚友の何人か自由に置き。 他の方向でウラジオストクまでの中国の東の鉄道に沿うall the町は感染した。 すべてでは、約 9,000は死んだ、一方では少数の接触だけ南満州に達できた。

日本人は問題の多くを提起した。 1904-05の Russo日本戦争の後でそれらは南満州の2つの重要な前哨を得た: Guandongは満州の最南の部分の 218平方マイル半島から領域を成っていたリースした。 それは日本へメインリンクになったDairenの凍らない港を(中国語の大連として知られている)含んでいた。 北方にコロニーから達することは長春の中国の東の鉄道とつながる瀋陽を南満州の鉄道(日本人がMukdenと言う)通った。 鉄道トラックのどちら側でも土地は余分領土に、Guandongの日本の軍隊によって今残り制御される。 容認する満州の7,000からチャンが中国の公衆の反日感情の遊ぶ舌戦を維持したが14,000人から維持され、

YOKUHAMA BANKNOTE 1866 25 $ ,JAPAN,USA,INDIA LINK very rare banknote of japan
The Central Bank of Western India was an important bank because it related to Japan, America and India. The high value of $25 was significant as it was issued during a time of great turbulence in Japan,USA,INDIA and world

SEE HISTORY OF HOW JAPANESE AMERICAN INDIA BANKNOTES,PRINTED AS JAPAN BANKNOTES,

japan banknotes,rare japan banknotes,Central bank of Western India,american rare banknotes,World rare banknotes,yokohama specie banknotes,indian banknotes,hansatsu,yokuhoma banknote,

长崎著名为中国物品 II

葡萄牙人,是早先生存在一所特别被修建的海岛监狱在长崎港口叫Dejima,从群岛一共被逐出了,并且荷兰人从他们的基地被移动了在Hirado贸易的海岛。 1720对荷兰书的禁令被取消了,造成数百学者充斥入长崎学习欧洲科学和艺术。 结果,长崎适合rangaku的一个主要中心或者兰语学会 在江户时代, Tokugawa shogunate 治理了城市,任命hatamoto长崎bugyō,作为它的首要管理员。

Ōura教会1864年建造的是日本的一件全国珍宝

公众舆论在史学家之中曾经是长崎是日本的唯一的窗口在世界在它的时间作为一个闭合的国家在Tokugawa时代。然而,现今它是通常承认的这不是实际情形,因为日本互动了并且换了与Ryūkyū王国、韩国和俄国通过各自萨摩烧、津岛和Matsumae 然而,长崎在当代艺术和文学被描述了作为充满以异乎寻常的求知欲的一个世界性口岸从西部世界。

1808年,在拿破仑似的战争期间皇家海军大型驱逐舰 HMS敞蓬旅游车进入了长崎港口寻找荷兰贸易船。 结果地方行政官无法抵抗对食物、燃料和水,最新做的 seppuku的英国的需求。 法律由于加强沿海防御,威胁死亡对闯入的外国人和提示英国和俄国译者的训练这个事件通过了。

Tōjinyashiki (唐人屋敷) 或中国工厂在长崎也是重要输送管道对于中国物品和信息为日本市场。 种各样的五颜六色的中国客商和艺术家航行了在中国大陆和长崎之间。 一些实际上结合了客商和艺术家的角色例如18纪伊Hai 它被相信多达长崎的人口的三分之一此时的也许汉语

YOKUHAMA BANKNOTE 1866 25 $ ,JAPAN,USA,INDIA LINK very rare banknote of japan
The Central Bank of Western India was an important bank because it related to Japan, America and India. The high value of $25 was significant as it was issued during a time of great turbulence in Japan,USA,INDIA and world

SEE HISTORY OF HOW JAPANESE AMERICAN INDIA BANKNOTES,PRINTED AS JAPAN BANKNOTES,

japan banknotes,rare japan banknotes,Central bank of Western India,american rare banknotes,World rare banknotes,yokohama specie banknotes,indian banknotes,hansatsu,yokuhoma banknote,

长崎著名为中国物品

长崎著名为中国物品

Navarrese Jesuit传教士St. 1549Francis Xavier 在疆土的另一个部分到达了, 1551年,但左为中国并且很快之后死了。 保持后边的他的追随者转换了一定数量的daimyo (封建主) 最著名在他们之中是Ōmura Sumitada 1571年从他的转换获得巨大赢利向“Kirishitan ”宗教通过一个伴随的成交从葡萄牙船接受贸易的部分在口岸他们在长崎建立以他的协助。

Kameyama商品用长崎荷兰贸易船, 19纪刺激

小的港口村庄迅速增长入不同的港口城市,并且通过长崎被进口的葡萄牙产品(例如烟草、面包、纺织品和称castellas的葡萄牙海绵蛋糕)被同化了入普遍的日本文化。 天麸罗,当不葡萄牙语在起源,采取它的名字从葡萄牙词, ‘Tempero’这文化交流的忍受的作用的另一个例子。 葡萄牙人也带来与他们许多物品从中国。

由于不稳定在Sengoku间, Sumitada Jesuit领导人Alexandro Valignano间设想计划通过行政控制过度对耶稣的社会而不是看见一非宽容daimyo 接管的宽容城市。 因此,在一个短期在1580年以后,市 长崎是Jesuit殖民地,在他们的行政和军事控制之下。 它在Japan.In的其他地区的成为了一个避难所为基督徒逃脱虐待1587年,然而,统一国家的Toyotomi Hideyoshi竞选在Kyūshū到达了。 与大基督徒影响有关在南日本,以及激活和什么被察觉, Jesuits在日本政界扮演的傲慢角色, Hideyoshi购了所有传教士开除和安置城市在他的直接控制之下。 然而,逐出令是主要unenforced,并且事实依然是大多数长崎的人口保持公开虔诚的天主教徒。

1596年,西班牙船圣Felipe击毁了在离Shikoku的附近海岸,并且Hideyoshi从它的飞行员获悉西班牙方济会修士是日本的利比亚入侵的先锋。 合情合理Hideyoshi长崎定购了二十六位天主教徒在十字架上钉死在25日那年(即。 日本的二十六个受难者”)。葡萄牙贸易商未被放逐,然而,和,因此被继续的城市兴旺。

YOKUHAMA,OSAK,NAGASAKI WERE MAIN BUSINESS CENTERS THEN IF NOT FOR MISHAP OF ATOM BOMB MOST POPULATION WILL BE CHINESE AN SCHOLAR SAID

YOKUHAMA BANKNOTE 1866 25 $ ,JAPAN,USA,INDIA LINK very rare banknote of japan
The Central Bank of Western India was an important bank because it related to Japan, America and India. The high value of $25 was significant as it was issued during a time of great turbulence in Japan,USA,INDIA and world

SEE HISTORY OF HOW JAPANESE AMERICAN INDIA BANKNOTES,PRINTED AS JAPAN BANKNOTES,

japan banknotes,rare japan banknotes,Central bank of Western India,american rare banknotes,World rare banknotes,yokohama specie banknotes,indian banknotes,hansatsu,yokuhoma banknote,

Meganebashi (镜桥梁)

1602年, Augustinian传教士在日本也到达了, 1603年,并且,当Tokugawa Ieyasu采取了力量,天主教仍然被容忍了。 许多宽容daimyo是重要盟友在Sekigahara争斗,并且 Tokugawa位置不是足够强的移动反对他们。 一旦大阪城堡被采取了,并且Toyotomi Hideyoshi的子孙杀害了,虽然, Tokugawa 优势是确定的。 另外,荷兰和英国存在允许贸易,不用附上的宗教串。 因此, 1614年天主教被取缔了,并且所有传教士正式地被预定离开。 多数宽容daimyo 放弃信仰,并且强迫他们的主题如此做,虽然一些在东南亚不会放弃宗教和左国家为澳门、LuzonJapantowns 迫害一次残酷竞选跟随,当数以万计改变信仰者横跨Kyūshū和日本的其他部分被杀死,被拷打或者被迫放弃他们的宗教。

天主教的前气喘作为一种开放宗教和最后主要军事行动在日本直到明治维新,是Shimabara 叛乱1637年。 没有证据证明当欧洲直接地指使了叛乱时, Shimabara领域是基督徒韩几十年,并且反叛者采取了许多葡萄牙主题和基督徒像。结果,在Tokugawa社会“Shimabara”变硬了在Tokugawa传和不忠之间的连接,再次经常使用的基督教。

Shimabara叛乱也说服了许多政府决策人员外国影响比他们值得了,带领全国隔离政策是更多麻烦。

NAGASAKI AFTER ATOM BOMB,Japan banknotes,

Nagasaki during World War II
The Bockscar and its crew, who dropped the “Fat Man” atomic bomb on Nagasaki.

The city of Nagasaki had been one of the largest sea ports in southern Japan and was of great wartime importance because of its wide-ranging industrial activity, including the production of ordnance, ships, military equipment, and other war materials.

In contrast to many modern aspects of Hiroshima, almost all of the buildings were of old-fashioned Japanese construction, consisting of wood or wood-frame buildings with wood walls (with or without plaster) and tile roofs. Many of the smaller industries and business establishments were also situated in buildings of wood or other materials not designed to withstand explosions. Nagasaki had been permitted to grow for many years without conforming to any definite city zoning plan; residences were erected adjacent to factory buildings and to each other almost as closely as possible throughout the entire industrial valley.

Nagasaki had never been subjected to large-scale bombing prior to the explosion of a nuclear weapon there. On August 1, 1945, however, a number of conventional high-explosive bombs were dropped on the city. A few hit in the shipyards and dock areas in the southwest portion of the city, several hit the Mitsubishi Steel and Arms Works, and six bombs landed at the Nagasaki Medical School and Hospital, with three direct hits on buildings there. While the damage from these bombs was relatively small, it created considerable concern in Nagasaki and many people—principally school children—were evacuated to rural areas for safety, thus reducing the population in the city at the time of the nuclear attack.

To the north of Nagasaki there was a camp holding British Commonwealth prisoners of war, some of whom were working in the coal mines and only found out about the bombing when they came to the surface. At least eight known POWs died from the bombing and as many as thirteen POWs may have died:
PEOPLE AND PLANE WHO BOMBED NAGASAKI see japan banknotes

EMPIRE OF JAPAN TREATY,USA SOLDIERS ENJOY TELLING STORIES,

EMPIRE OF JAPAN TREATY

Kanagawa, March 31, 1854.

Treaty between the United States of America and the Empire of Japan.Paved way for american,india,japan banknotes,

japan banknotes,rare japan banknotes,Central bank of Western India,american rare banknotes,World rare banknotes,yokohama specie banknotes,indian banknotes,hansatsu,

This agreement, forced on the Tokugawa shogunate by Commodore Perry’s menacing “black ships,” ended over two centuries of virtual exclusion (the exception being the Dutch) of foreign traders from the coast of Japan. The intrusion of the U.S. in the first place (see President Fillmore’s letter derived from the ill-treatment accorded American whaling crews when shipwrecked off the coast or landing for provisions or repairs. The treaty fully satisfied the U.S. government’s concerns in this regard but left to the future the equally important matter of opening the country to foreign trade; concluded in 1858 with the signing of the Harris treaty.

Perry’s great achievement was widely recognized at the time. Perhaps there is no better praise for this naval veteran of 45 years’ service than the collective memorial sent by the American merchants at Canton to the Commodore in Sept. 1854 on his return trip to the U.S.:
“You have conquered the obstinate will of man and, by overturning the cherished policy of an empire, have brought an estranged but culturated people into the family of nations. You have done this without violence, and the world has looked on with admiration to see the barriers of prejudice fall before the flag of our country without the firing of a shot.”

THE UNITED STATES of America and the Empire of Japan, desiring to establish firm, lasting, and sincere friendship between the two nations, have resolved to fix, in a manner clear and positive, by means of a treaty or general convention of peace and amity, the rules which shall in future be mutually observed in the intercourse of their respective countries; for which most desirable object the President of the United States has conferred full powers on his Commissioner, Matthew Calbraith Perry, Special Ambassador of the United States to Japan, and the August Sovereign of Japan has given similar full powers to his Commissioners . . . . . . And the said Commissioners, after having exchanged their said full powers, and duly considered the premises, have agreed to the following articles:

japan banknotes,rare japan banknotes,Central bank of Western India,american rare banknotes,World rare banknotes,yokohama specie banknotes,indian banknotes,hansatsu,


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Chang Matsukata

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Us.if u のくまはあなたが私達にで連絡するかもしれないどの情報でもほしいと思う

あなたのNUMISMATICS の友人

Chang Matsukata

USA SOLDIERS ENJOY TELLING STORIES, TO GEISHA’S AND JAPAN WOMEN

YEN SYBLES COMPETITION II,see history of japan banknotes









Currency Symbols

SEE HISTORY OF HOW JAPANESE AMERICAN INDIA BANKNOTES,PRINTED AS JAPAN BANKNOTES,
japan banknotes,rare japan banknotes,Central bank of Western India,american rare banknotes,World rare banknotes,yokohama specie banknotes,indian banknotes,hansatsu,
Currency symbols appear frequently in typeset copy. In the United States it’s the dollar and cent signs that are most commonly used, but others are often seen as well. Here’s a roundup of the currency symbols found in the character complement of most fonts.

British Sterling
The British Sterling, commonly referred to as the pound, is still the currency in England, Scotland and the United Kingdom’s territories. The pound symbol looks like a calligraphic capital L with a crossbar through it. It can be typed on a Mac by pressing option+3. In a Windows environment, the pound symbol is accessed with the alt key+0163.

Yen
The yen is the standard monetary unit of Japan. Its symbol looks like a cap Y with a double crossbar through the bottom half. The Mac keystroke for the yen symbol is option+y. Within Windows, the yen symbol is accessed by using the alt key+0165.

Florin
The Dutch florin (also called the guilder or gulden) was the basic unit of money in the Netherlands until it was replaced by the euro. The florin symbol looks like a swash lowercase ‘f’. The keystrokes on a Mac for the florin symbol are option+f. In Windows, use the alt key+0131.

Euro
Since 2002, the euro has been the exclusive currency of 12 European countries, including Austria, Belgium, Finland, France (except Pacific territories using the CFP franc), Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Portugal and Spain. The euro symbol looks like a capital C with a double crossbar.

Both Apple and Microsoft have included euro symbols in fonts distributed with their operating systems and applications since 1998, and most fonts released since then contain the euro symbol (it replaces the little-used international currency symbol). The euro symbol can be accessed on a Mac by pressing shift+option+2, and within Windows by using the alt key+0128.

Many foundries have remanufactured their font libraries to include the euro mark, and include the symbol in new releases. Others have offered freely available fonts that contain euro glyphs in various weights and styles, designed to blend in with a wide range of typestyles.

Editor’s Note: Ilene Strizver, founder of The Type Studio, is a typographic consultant, designer and writer specializing in all aspects of typographic communication. Read more about typography in her latest literary effort, Type Rules!, published by North Light Books.